Sunday, 8 July 2012
The 1962 Missale Romanum - 1.2
The Temporale begins, as usual, with the first Sunday of Advent. Three changes are immediately apparent before the epistle: (i) the new classification system of liturigcal days; (ii) the renaming of the Introit as Antiphona ad Introitum; and, (iii) the suppression of the rubric ordering seasonal orations. The ancient system of the classification of liturgical days into doubles, semi-doubles and simples (often seen in pre-Trent uses as varying degrees of feasts of nine lessons and those of three) is done away with following the reforms of Cum nostra and Rubricarum instructum to be replaced by four classes of liturgical day from I Class days, the highest ranking, to IV Class, the lowest. The re-ordering of the classification system is one reason why the General Rubrics of the Missal had to be re-written. The descriptors Introitus, Offertorium and Communio are replaced respectively with Antiphona ad Introitum, Antiphona ad Offertorium and Antiphona ad Communionem. The first appearance of the new terminology in the Roman rite was in the 1956 'Restored' Order for Holy Week. The same terminology is found in the 1970MR (except the antiphon at the offertory which does not appear in 1970MR but does appear in the corresponding Gradual). The collects of the season were abolished with the 1956 changes but the rubric ordering their use remained until the printing of missals of this period (for Advent they are Deus, qui de beate and Ecclesiae (or from 1570 pro papa). These differences can be seen in the photographs of Advent Sunday in the 1962MR (above) and a 1952 printing of the old rite (below).
A few pages following Advent Sunday one of the innovations found in 1962MR can be seen, the 'mini-Mass' shorter form for the Ember Saturdays. The traditional form (without the collects of the season) still appears, as an option, but appellated Forma Missae Longior. The novelty is the Forma Missae Brevior with a single additional OT reading for optional use in Masses other than the Conventual Mass and Ordinations (see below).