Monday, 21 September 2009
St. Matthew Apostle & Evangelist
Today is the feast of Saint Matthew the Apostle and Evangelist. The feast is a double of the second class.
At Mattins in the first nocturn the antiphons, psalms, lessons and responsories are all taken from the Common of Apostles. In the second nocturn the lessons are for the feast. In the third nocturns the homily on the Gospel is from St. Jerome's Commentary on St. Matthew's Gospel. The Office is festal and at Lauds the Sunday pslams sung under antiphons from the Common of Apostles.
At the Little Hours the psalms of Sunday are sung, those at Prime being as on feasts (53, 118(i) & 118(ii). At Prime the lectio brevis is Ibant Apostoli.
Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria and Credo are sung and the preface is that of the Apostles.
Second Vespers are sung of the feast with a commemoration of the following Office of St Thomas of Villanova.
In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the feast retains its three nocturns. However, at the Little Hours ferial psalmody is used. At Prime the short lesson is of the season. At Vespers (the only one) there is no commemoration of the following Office. When was it ever the tradition of the Roman rite to have a cursus of psalmody at the Horae Minorae one wonders?