Sunday, 5 July 2009

V Sunday after Pentecost


The fifth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite. It is also the Sunday within the Octave of SS Peter and Paul. As last Sunday it is possible to avoid a 'green' Mass as will be detailed below.

At Vespers a commemoration of the Octave of SS Peter and Paul was sung along with a commemoration of the occurring feast of St. Anthony Mary Zaccaria. As last Sunday the Suffrage at Vespers and Dominical preces at Compline are omitted due to the occurring double feast and Octave.

At Mattins the lessons in the first nocturn are from the beginning of the Second Book of Kings. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from St. Gregory the Great and in the third nocturn from a homily of St. Augustine on St. Matthew's Gospel.

At Lauds a commemoration of St. Anthony Zaccaria is sung and a commemoration of the Octave of SS Peter and Paul. The Suffrage is omitted due to the occurring feast and Octave. Likewise at Prime the Dominical psalms are sung but Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted for the same reason.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Anthony, the third of the Octave. The Credo is sung and the preface is that of Sunday.

As last week it is permissible to celebrate all Masses except the Conventual one of the feast that was formerly kept on the first Sunday of July, the Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ. The Mass is celebrated in red vestments. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday, the Credo is sung, the preface is of the Holy Cross and the last Gospel that of the Sunday.

In some countries (such as the USA and Canada) where the feast of SS Peter and Paul is not a holyday the External Solemnity of SS Peter and Paul is celebrated today. The Mass is on the feast celebrated in red vestments with Gloria, the second collect of the Sunday and last Gospel of the Sunday.

At Vespers a commemoration of the following Octave Day of SS Peter and Paul is sung (the feast, days within the Octave and the Octave Day all have proper texts indicative of the antiquity of the Octave - presumably Pius XII considered it antiquarianism to keep it so abolished it) and St. Anthony Zaccaria.

In the liturgical books of 1962 Mattins is reduced to one nocturn of three lessons. St. Anthony Zaccaria is omitted this year and the Octave has been abolished.

Art: Jerome Nadal Note the delighful scenes in the roundels at the top of the image illustrating the Gospel story.

7 comments:

Fr. Durham said...

I was wondering if you had some information about the 'evolution' of the Feast of the Precious Blood: It seems that in the older missals, it was celebrated the 1st Sunday in July, then on a fixed day (July 1st) as a Double II class, and by 1939, it was double I class... In my breviary (Pustet, 1929) it was a double II class, in which it was indicated to celebrate the 1st Vespers of the Visitation with comm. of the preceding feast. At least, it is possible to follow such minor changes because the rubrics are so clear and logical (unlike later changes) and your Ordo is certainly a precious help ! God bless!

Anonymous said...

The feast's observance on the first Sunday of July was fixed by Pius IX, in August of 1849, with the rank of a Double of the First Class. (Decree Redempti Sumus, Friday, August 10, 1849, Decreta Authentica S.RC. Rome: 1898, II, No. 2978.) In the liturgical reform of Pope St. Pius X, 1st July was chosen for the feast.

+DM

Rubricarius said...

Dear +DM,

My sources appear to be in slight disagreement with yours.

Mine have Pius IX approving the feast for the Congregation of the Precious Blood in 1822 and as a Double Second Class to be celebrated on the first Sunday of July in August 1849.

In 1914 the Feast was moved to the first of July but Pius XI raised it to a Double of the First Class in April 1934. There was discussion in 1948 of moving it to the 7th July precisely to preserve the Vespers of the more ancient feast of the Visitation Fr. Durham mentions in his comment.

BJA said...

Rubricarius,

In some countries (such as the USA and Canada) where the feast of SS Peter and Paul is not a holyday the External Solemnity of SS Peter and Paul is celebrated today.

Could you provide some information on this provision? How many feasts throughout the year would this apply to? Many thanks!

Hoxie18 said...

Dear Rubricarius,

I don't know if this helps solve the disagreement between sources, but Pope Pius IX was not Pope in 1822. His Holiness reigned gloriously on the Throne of Saint Peter from 1846-1878.
Laudetur Jesus Christ!

Rubricarius said...

Hoxie18,

Thank you for pointing out my faux pas - that would have made Pius IX's reign very long indeed!

I have looked again in Memoria sulla Riforma liturgica, Supplemento III and it is Pius VII in March 1822 granting the feast. The source, I suspect, is accurate my initial reading of it otherwise.

I have also checked in two other sources Schmidt's Introductio in Liturgiam Occidentalem and Rado's Enchiridion Liturgicum which both have it as a D2Cl until Pius XI.

Patricius said...

Laudetur Iesus Christus...