Sunday, 18 October 2009
Saint Luke the Evangelist
Today is the feast of St. Luke the Evangelist. The feast is a double of the second class and its liturgical colour red. The twentieth Sunday after Pentecost is commemorated at both Vespers, Lauds and Mass. St. Luke was probably born in Antioch and in St. Paul's writings is described as a physician. He was a companion of St. Paul and the author of a Gospel that addressed itself to the non-Jewish world. His feast became a double of the second class with Pius V's codification of the liturgical books.
The feast began with the celebration of first Vespers yesterday. The antiphons and psalms sung were those from the Common of Apostles. Commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Margaret Mary and of the Sunday (the third of October).
At Mattins the invitatory, antiphons and pslams are taken from the Common of Apostles but the lessons in the first nocturn are proper for Evangelists from the writings of the prophet Ezechiel. In the second nocturn the lessons are proper to the feast of St. Luke and from St. Jerome on Ecclesial Writers. In the third nocturn the lessons are from the Common of Evangelists with a homily by St. Gregory. The Gospel fragment is from the tenth chapter of St. Luke. The ninth lesson is of the occuring Sunday with the Gospel fragment from St. John and a further homily by St. Gregory. Only the first Sunday lesson from its third nocturn needs to be read but the better practice is to combine all three as one ninth lesson.
At Lauds a commemoration of the Sunday is sung. At Prime the Office is festal (Pss. 53, 118i, 118ii) and the short lesson Ibant Apostoli.
Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday and a third collect sung, Deus, qui nos homines..., for the propogation of the faith. This third collect is sung as the penultimate Sunday of October is Mission Sunday. At the request of the Superior Council of the Pontifical Work for the Propogation of the Faith the Sacred Congregation of Rites directed in 1926 that the prayer, from the Votive Mass Pro Propagatione Fidei, should be added to all Masses today as an oratio imperata pro re gravi (a prayer ordered by the Ordinary or other competent authority for a grave need). The Creed is sung, the preface is that of the Apostles and the last Gospel is that of the commemorated Sunday Erat quidam regulus.
Vespers are of the feast, again the antiphons and psalms are from the Common of Apostles. A commemomoration of the Sunday is sung.
In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the 'green' Sunday is celebrated. The third Sunday of October and its week are omitted and the fourth Sunday of October celebrated. Mattins is cut down to one nocturn of three lessons. St. Luke gets a commemoration at Lauds and Low Mass only. The prayer for the propogation of the faith is added to the collect of the Sunday under one conclusion. Vespers are of the Sunday without any commemorations.