Sunday, 20 February 2011
Septuagesima Sunday is a semi-double of the second class. The liturgical mood becomes more sombre with first Vespers of Septuagesima and penitential violet becomes the liturgical colour of the season. Although more sombre than the season after the Epiphany the short season of Septuagesima is not as penitential as Lent. Although the colour violet is used at Mass the ministers do not wear folded chasubles but dalmatic and tunicle for these three Sundays and for ferial days. The organ is still played until Ash Wednesday. However, from Septuagesima until Holy Saturday the dress of some prelates changes. Cardinals of the Court of Rome no longer wear scarlet choir dress but that of violet. Correspondingly bishops do not wear violet choir dress but their black, or mourning dress. In the case of the latter this is not to be confused with their habitus pianus, or house dress. The black choir cassock has a train, like the violet one, and the mozzeta or mantelletum are faced with violet.
At Vespers yesterday the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The chapter, antiphon on the Magnificat and collect were proper to Septuagesima Sunday. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints was sung. At Benedicamus Domino, and its response, a double Alleluia was added. Alleluia will not be sung again until Holy Saturday. At Compline, and all other Offices until the Triduum, after the intonation of Deus in adjutorium etc Alleluia is replaced by Laus tibi Domine Rex aeterne gloriae. At Compline the Dominical preces were sung.
At Mattins the invitatory is Praeoccupemus as on preceding Sundays and the hymn Primo die. The antiphons and psalms are as on previous 'green' Sundays. In the first nocturn the Incipit of the Book of Genesis is read. In the second nocturn the lessons are from the Enchiridion of St. Augustine, in the third nocturn the lessons are a homily from St. Gregory on the Gospel of the labourers in the vineyard. The Te Deum is not sung but in its place a ninth responsory.
At Lauds the 'second scheme' of psalms is sung: Pss 50, 117, 62, Canticle of the Three Children (Benedictus es) and 148. The antiphons at Lauds are proper to the Sunday as are the versicle after the hymn Aeterne, chapter, antiphon at the Benedictus and collect. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints is sung.
At all the Hours the antiphons and chapters are proper. At Prime the order of psalmody is changed and four psalms are sung, Pss. 92, 99 (displaced from Lauds) and the usual first two stanzas of Ps. 118. Quicumque is omitted but the Dominical preces are sung.
At Mass the Gloria is omitted. The ministers wear violet dalmatic and tunicle. The second collect is A cunctis, the third collect is chosen by the Dean or Rector. A Tract replaces the Alleluia after the Gradual, the Credo is sung and the Preface is of the Blessed Trinity. Benedicamus Domino is sung as the dismissal.
At Vespers the antiphons and psalms are those used on Sundays, the chapter is proper as in the antiphon at the Magnificat. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints is sung. At Compline the Dominical preces are sung.
Following the 'liturgical books of 1962' the Suffrage is omitted at both Vespers and at Lauds. Mattins is reduced to one nocturn. At Prime the arrangement of psalms is Pss. 53, 118(i), 118(ii). At Mass there is only one collect and Benedicamus Domino is supressed in favour of Ite, missa est.
Art: Jerome Nadal