Sunday, 31 March 2019

Fourth Sunday in Lent

The fourth Sunday in Lent is known as Laetare Sunday after the opening words of the Introit at its Mass Laetare, Jerusalem - Rejoice Jerusalem - and is also known as 'mid-Lent' Sunday and is also 'Mothering Sunday' in many countries including the United Kingdom. It is a semi-double Sunday of the first class. The distinguishing feature of this Sunday, in relatively modern times, is the permitted, though not by any measure of obligation, use of rose-coloured vestments. Rose is perceived as a lighter shade of violet and the use of rose vestments developed from the older praxis of a golden rose being given to female monarchs by the pope on this day. Cardinals of the Court of Rome wore rose watered-silk choir dress too on this Sunday along with the corresponding Gaudete Sunday in Advent. For the rest of Lent Cardinals wore their 'winter violet' merino cassock, mantelletum and mozzeta (not the violet watered silk of their 'summer' violet). This practice disappeared during the 1920s. There is no obligation to wear rose and the older praxis of violet vestments, with the deacon and subdeacon in dalmatic and tunicle respectively, not folded chasubles, may be maintained.

At Vespers yesterday the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Audi benigne conditor. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints was sung. At Compline the Dominical preces were sung

At Mattins the invitatory is, as on the previous Sundays of Lent, Non sit vobis and the Office hymn is Ex more. The antiphons given in the Psalter for Sundays are used. In the first nocturn the lessons are from Exodus and the story of Moses and the Burning Bush. In the second nocturn the lessons are from the writings of St. Basil the Great on fasting and in the third nocturn the lessons are a homily of St. Augustine on St. John's Gospel. At Lauds the antiphons, Tunc acceptabis etc., are proper to the Sunday and the second scheme of Psalms sung (50, 117, 62, the canticle Benedictus es, 148). The chapter is proper to the Sunday and hymn is O sol salutis. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints is sung.

At Prime and the Hours the antiphons, Accepit ergo etc., are proper to the Sunday. At Prime the psalms are 92, 99 (displaced from Lauds) and the first two divisi of Ps. 118. The Dominical preces are sung and the short lesson is Quaerite Dominum.

Mass is sung after Terce. As folded chasubles are not worn the organ may be played. As noted above violet vestments may be used in the absence of rose, or in preference to it, in which case the deacon and subdeacon wear violet dalmatic and tunicle. The Gloria is not sung. The second collect is A cunctis, the third collect Omnipotens. A Tract is sung after the Gradual, the Credo is sung, the preface is of Lent and the dismissal is Benedicamus Domino, sung by the deacon facing the celebrant and altar.

Vespers are of the Sunday. Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113 are sung. The Office hymn is Audi benigne Conditor. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints is sung. At Compline the Dominical preces are sung.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' Vespers yesterday were sung at the same time as on any day outside of Lent. The Suffrage has been abolished. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. At Lauds the Suffrage has been abolished. At Prime the festal arrangement of Pss. 53 and the first two divisi of Ps. 118 is sung. The preces are omitted. At Mass there is only a single collect. The dismissal is Ite, missa est. The Suffrage has been abolished at Vespers as have the Dominical preces at Compline.

Art: Jerome Nadal


+DM said...

One of the three dubia submitted to the Sacred Congregation of Rites, 29 November 1901, asked if rose vestments could be worn on III Sunday of Advent and IV of Lent, both at Solemn Mass as well as Low Mass - Response: Affirmative. The congregation did not say it could be tolerated where established, etc. SRC # 4084.3

It is interesting to note that the Dubium was submitted by the Master of Ceremonies of the Cathedral in Diocesis Vallis Vidonis "de consensu Rmi. Episcopi" - in search of an answer from the SRC as to allowing rose coloured vestments for all the Masses [solemn and low] on the two Sundays in question.

With the Congregation's response being "affirmative" and not "tolerated" would make it seem that, by 1901, the use of rose coloured vestments was quite common.

Rubricarius said...

@ +DM,

The use of rose vestments in Italy does appear to go back several centuries looking at examples on the Liturgical Arts Journal. Not sure if we can say the use was quite common by 1901 though. I have about 50 old diocesan Ordines dating back to the nineteenth century. A cursory glance through those shows rose making an appearance in some of them by the 1930s, more through the 1940s and all by the 1950s. AFAIK the first mention of rose referred to in a rubric of the Missal is in the new RG of 1961, # 131.

I confess to finding rose vestments, in general, 'tacky' and distracting from the actual history of the Sunday with its Golden Rose etc. There is an excellent post on Traditio Marciana about the praxis of the Golden Rose etc.
The response to 4084, 2 is a classic by the SRC!