Sunday, 20 July 2014

VI Sunday after Pentecost

The sixth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green. The Gospel pericopes from St. Mark's Gospel describe the Feeding of the Four Thousand with seven loaves and fishes.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Vincent de Paul and of St. Jerome Aemiliani and St. Margaret. The Suffrage of the Saints was omitted due to the double feasts. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted for the same reason.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos, Venite adoremus and the Office hymn is Nocte surgentes vigilemus omnes. In the first nocturn the lessons are from the twelfth chapter of the Second Book of the Kings. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from St. Ambrose's Defence of David. Again, St. Ambrose provides the homily in the third nocturn on St. Mark's Gospel. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds, following the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of St. Jerome Aemiliani and of St. Margaret. The Suffrage is omitted due to the occurring double feast.

At Prime psalms 117, 118i & 118ii are sung. Both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Jerome Aemiliani, the third collect is of St. Margaret. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Blessed Trinity.

At Vespers the antiphons and psalms of Sunday (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113). The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of St. Praxedes and of St. Jerome Aemiliani. The Suffrage is omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' there are no commemorations at either Vespers. Mattins is reduced to a single nocturn of three lessons. There are no commemorations at Lauds. Mass has a single collect.

Monday, 14 July 2014

Mattins and Lauds



The two images above come from an 1861 copy of the Breviarium Romanum available on Google Books. In the pre-1914 Breviary there was no 'Ordinary of the Divine Office' and after the initial pages of rubrics, calendar and tables Sunday at Mattins was printed followed by the rest of the Office for Sundays, then Mattins and Lauds for the other Days, then Vespers for the other days and finally Compline. One can clearly see from the above that the Pater, Ave and Credo are said before Mattins yet nothing is said before Lauds and the presumption that choral Office is taking place and that Lauds will form one service with Mattins.


Above is a photograph from the Hiemalis volume of a 1932 Dessain Breviary set (indeed the set used for compiling the Ordo). The introduction of the 'Ordinary' makes the book more 'user friendly'. One can see quite clearly that the traditional praxis is now made very clear in the rubrics. In public Office Mattins and Lauds are never separated - with one sort of exception at Christmas. Mattins of the Nativity of the LORD are sung then the Missa in Gallicantu follows immediately. After the last Gospel then Lauds follow so there is really one service, the choir remaining in their places throughout. One can see too the very clear direction that in private recitation of the Office, when Lauds may be separated from Mattins, then a Pater and Ave are said before the Deus in adjutorium.

From the 1st January 1961 the traditional praxis for the Roman rite changed with Rubricarum instructum coming into force and it was possible to have choral Mattins and Lauds as two distinct and separate services. This really is basic history of the twentieth century reform of the liturgy but some people out there do seem to want to obscure facts in the fabrication of their constructs.

Sunday, 13 July 2014

Happy birthday!


Today marks the 113th birthday of the late Mgr. Alfred Newman Canon Gilbey, Protonotary Apostolic. May he enjoy it in the Court of Heaven. He used to say he thanked the Almighty that he was not born a day earlier, the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne, or a day later, the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille. A remarkable man and without doubt the very finest cleric and gentleman this writer has ever known.

To share one wonderful anecdote: When once Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother visited the Travellers Club She met Mgr. Gilbey on the stairs. "I believe I am a year old than you" She commented. Mgr. Gilbey replied, no doubt with the famous twinkle in his eyes "Impossible Madam. There is only one Lady in the realm older than me and that is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Good night to you Madam."

V Sunday after Pentecost


The fifth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. John Gualbert and of St. Anacletus. The Suffrage of the Saints was omitted due to the double feast. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted for the same reason.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos and the Officie hymn isNocte surgentes. In the first nocturn the lessons are the Incipit of the Second Book of the Kings. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from St. Gregory the Great's Book on Morals. In the third nocturn the homily on St. Matthew's Gospel is from St. Augustine. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the Office hymn is Ecce jam noctis. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration of St. Anacletus is sung followed by the Suffrage of the Saints.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Anacletus, the third collect is A cunctis. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Blessed Trinity.

At Vespers the antiphons and psalms (109, 110, 111, 112 & 113) of Sunday are sung. The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of the following feast of St. Bonaventure and of St. Anacletus. The Suffrage is omitted at Vespers as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' there are no commemorations at either Vespers. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. There is no commemoration at Lauds nor Suffrage. St. Anacletus has been struck out of the Calendar. At Prime Quicumque is omitted as are the Dominical preces. Mass has a single collect.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 6 July 2014

IV Sunday after Pentecost


The fourth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The chapter was O altitudo, from Romans, and the Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. This chapter and hymn are used now on all of the 'green' Sundays. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Antony Zaccaria and of the Octave of SS Peter and Paul. The Suffrage was omitted as were the Dominical preces at Compline.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos and the 'summer' hymn Nocte surgentes is sung. In the first nocturn the lessons are taken from the First Book of Kings. In the second nocturn the lessons are from a sermon of St. Augustine and in the third nocturn the homily is from St. Ambrose on the Gospel account from St. Luke on the huge catch of fish at the lake of Genesareth. At Lauds the Office hymn is Ecce jam noctis. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration of the Octave Day of SS Peter and Paul is sung. The Suffrage is omitted.

At Prime both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted due to the occurring Octave Day.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Octave Day. There is no third collect today. The Creed is sung, the preface is of the Blessed Trinity and the last Gospel is of the Octave Day.

Vespers are of the Sunday. The Office hymn is Lucis creator optime. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of the following feast of SS Cyril and Methodius and of the Octave Day of SS Peter and Paul. The Suffrage of the Saints is omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' there are no commemorations at Vespers. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. At Lauds there are no commemorations. At Mass there is a single collect and the last Gospel is In principio. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 29 June 2014

The feast of the Apostles SS Peter and Paul

The feast of the Apostles SS Peter and Paul is a Double of the First Class with an Octave. The liturgical colour of the feast is red. Today is also Sunday within the Octave of the Sacred Heart and within the Octave of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Petrus et Joannes etc were sung, doubled, with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 and 116. The Office hymn was Decora lux aeternitatis. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of the Octave of the Sacred Heart and of the Sunday. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the melody and Doxology Jesu tibi sit gloria, Qui Corde fundis gratiam etc. and the Dominical preces were omitted.

At Mattins the texts come from the Common of Apostles except the lessons and responsories. The invitatory is Regem Apostolorum Dominum, Venite adoremus and the Office hymn is Aeterna Christe munera, sung with the Doxlogy of the Octave of the Sacred Heart. In the first nocturn the antiphons In omnem terram etc are sung with psalms 18, 33 and 44. The lessons are taken from the Acts of the Apostles. In the second nocturn the antiphons Principes populorum etc are sung with psalms 46, 60 and 63 and the lessons are from a sermon of St. Leo. In the third nocturn the antiphons Exaltabuntur etc are sung with psalms 74, 96 & 98. The homily is from St. Jerome on St. Matthew's Gospel. The ninth lesson is the homily appointed for the Sunday within the Octave of the Sacred Heart, a homily from St. Gregory on St. Luke's Gospel. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the antiphons Petrus et Joannes etc are sung with the Dominical psalms. The Office hymn is Beate Pastor. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Sunday and of the Octave.

At Prime and the Hours the hymns are sung with the melody and Doxology of the Octave. At Prime the versicle Qui corde etc is sung in the short responsory. The lectio brevis is proper to the feast, Et Petrus etc.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday, the third collect is of the Octave of the Sacred Heart. The Creed is sung, the preface is of the Apostles and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At second Vespers the antiphons Petrus et Joannes etc are sung with psalms 109, 112, 115, 125 and 138. The Office hymn is Decora lux aeternitatis. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Sunday and of the Octave of the Sacred Heart. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the melody and Doxology of the Octave and the Dominical preces are omitted.

In those 'ancient' use 'liturgical books of 1962' the Octaves of SS Peter and Paul, the Sacred Heart and St. John the Baptist have, inter alia, been abolished. At Vespers yesterday afternoon there was just a commemoration of the Sunday. At Compline and the Hours the hymns are sung with the ordinary Doxology. At Mattins there is no ninth lesson of the Sunday. At Lauds there is a commemoration just of the Sunday. At Prime the versicle in the short responsory is Qui sedes and the lectio brevis is of the season. At Mass the second collect is of the Sunday but the last Gospel is In principio. At Vespers there is only a commemoration of the Sunday..

Tuesday, 24 June 2014

The Nativity of St. John the Baptist


The feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist is a double of the first class with an Octave. The liturgical colour of the feast and Octave is white. The celebration of the feast on June 24th is ancient and was mentioned by the Council of Agde in 506 and is in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons, Ipse praeibit etc, proper to the feast, were sung with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 & 116. The Office hymn was Ut queant laxis resonare fibris. The hymn famously rises through a scale in its verses: Ut (Doh), Resonare, Mira, Famuli, Solve, Labii. After the collect of the feast a commemoration was sung of the Octave of Corpus Christi . At Compline the Dominical psalms were sung, Te lucis was sung with the Doxology (and melody) of the Incarnation and the Dominical preces were omitted.

At Mattins the invitatory is proper Regem Praecursoris Dominum, Venite adoremus. The Office hymn is Antra deserti teneris sub annis. The antiphons, psalms and responsories are proper for all three nocturns. In the first nocturn the lessons are taken from the Incipit of the Prophet Jeremiah. In the second nocturn the lessons are from a sermon by St. Augustine on the saints and in the third nocturn the homily is from the writings of St. Ambrose on the first chapter of St. Luke's Gospel. The ninth lesson is of the Sunday. The eighth and ninth lessons of the feast may be read as one and the three lessons of the homily read together as the ninth lesson but it suffices to omit the ninth lesson of the feast and read, in its place, the first lesson of the Sunday homily. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the antiphons Elisabeth Zachariae etc are sung with the Sunday psalms. The rest of Lauds is proper to the feast with the Office hymn O nimis felix. After the collect of the feast a commemoration is sung of the Octave of Corpus Christi.

At the Hours the antiphons of Lauds are sung with the Sunday psalms. The hymns have the Doxology and melody of the Incarnation. At Prime (Pss. 53, 118i & 118ii) the verse Qui natus is sung and the lectio brevis is Reges videbunt. The Dominical preces are omitted.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Mass is proper, De ventre. The Gloria is sung, after the collect of the feast a commemoration is sung of the Octave. The Creed is sung as the feast falls within the Octave of Corpus Christi and the preface is of the Nativity.

At Second Vespers the antiphons sung at Lauds are sung again with the psalms from Vespers for the Common of Apostles. The hymn Ut queant laxis is again sung, the rest of the Office is proper to the feast. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Octave of Corpus Christi and of St. William. At Compline the Dominical preces are omitted.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the Octave has been abolished as has the Octave of Corpus Christi. Hence the Doxology at the hymns of the Hours is in the ordinary form. At Prime Qui natus is not sung and the lectio brevis is of the season. At Mass there are no commemorations. The Creed is sung as is the common preface. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Icon: A Russian icon of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist from Wikipedia.