Sunday, 17 August 2014

X Sunday after Pentecost


The tenth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour, from Mattins onwards, is green. This year it is the third Sunday of August and the Sunday within the Octave of the Assumption.

Vespers yesterday afternoon were second Vespers of St. Joachim. The antiphons Domine, quinque, talenta etc were sung with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 & 116. The Office hymn was Iste Confessor. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday was sung (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Omnis sapientia for the Saturday before the third Sunday of August) and of St. Hyacinth. The Suffrage of the Saints was omitted as were the Dominical preces at Compline. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the Doxology and melody of the Incarnation, Jesu tibi sit gloria etc.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos and the Office hymn isNocte surgentes. In the first nocturn the lessons are the Incipit of the Book of Wisdom. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from St. Ambrose's Book of Offices. In the third nocturn the lessons are from section from St. Augustine's 36th sermon on the words of the LORD. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the Office hymn is Ecce jam noctis. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of St. Hyacinth, of the Octave of the Assumption and of the Octave Day of St. Lawrence. The Suffrage is omitted.

At Prime and the Hours the hymns are sung with the Doxology and melody of the Incarnation. At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted, the versicle in the short responsory is Qui natus etc.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Hyacinth, the third collect is of the Octave of the Assumption and the fourth collect is of the Octave Day of St. Lawrence. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Holy Trinity.

Being Sunday within the Octave of the Assumption a Mass of St. Joachim, whose feast prior to the 1911-13 reform was celebrated on the Sunday withing the Octave, may be celebrated. The liturgical colour is white. A commemoration is sung of the Sunday, the preface is of the Sunday as is the last Gospel.

asAt Vespers (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113) the Office hymn is Lucis creator, sung with the Doxlogy and melody of the Incarnation. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of the following Office of the fourth day within the Octave of the Assumption, of St. Hyacinth and of the Octave Day of St. Lawrence. The Suffrage of the Saints is omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the Doxology and melody of the Incarnation.


In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the Octaves of the Assumption and of St. Lawrence have been abolished. At Vespers on Saturday there is no commemoration of St. Hyacinth. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. At Lauds there are no commemorations. The hymns are sung with the ordinary Doxology and tone used for Sundays. At Mass there is a single collect. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 10 August 2014

St. Lawrence

The feast of St. Lawrence is a Double of the Second Class in the Universal Kalendar and, amongst many other things, Patron of the Saint Lawrence Press. St. Lawrence's body is interred in the basilica of St. Lawrence-without-the-Walls in Rome. St. Lawrence was the first of the seven Roman deacons and known for his generosity to the poor. He was martyred in 258, according to tradition, on a grid iron and asked his tormentors to turn him over as his flesh was fully roasted on the one side. The liturgical colour of the feast is red. St. Lawrence is listed in the Communicantes of the Canon. The feast is ancient and appears in the Leonine and other early sacramentaries. The feast is preceded by a Vigil.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Laurentius ingressus est martyr etc were sung with psalms from the Common of Apostles, Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 116. The Office hymn was Deus, tuorum militum. The chapter, antiphon on the Magnificat and collect were proper, the rest of the Office from the Common of Martyrs. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. John Mary Vianney and of the Sunday (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Ego in altissimis for the Saturday before the second Sunday of August). The Suffrage was omitted as were the Dominical preces at Compline.

At Mattins the invitatory is Beatus Laurentius, Christi Martyr, triumphat coronatus in caelis: Venite, adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn, again, Deus, tuorum militum. In the first nocturn the antiphons Quo progredis etc are sung with psalms 1, 2 & 3. The lessons in the first nocturn are from the Book of Eccesiasticus. In the second nocturn the antiphons Beatus Laurentius etc are sung with psalms 4, 5 & 8. The lessons are from a sermon of St. Leo on St. Lawrence. In the third nocturn the antiphons Strinxerunt etc are sung 14, 16 & 20. The lessons in the third nocturn are from a sermon of St. Augustine on St. John's Gospel. The ninth lesson is of the Sunday. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the antiphons Laurentius ingressus est martyr etc are sung with Dominical psalms and the Office hymn is Invicte Martyr, unicum. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday is sung.

At Prime and the Hours the antiphons from Lauds, Laurentius etc., are sung with the festal psalms. At Prime the Dominical preces are omitted and the lectio brevis is Potens est autem. At the Hours the Dominical psalms are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday. There is no third collect. The Creed is sung, the preface is that of the Blessed Trinity and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At second Vespers the antiphons Laurentius etc are again sung, at this Office with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 & 115. The V&R are proper to the feast. After the collect of the feast a commemoration is sung of the Sunday. At Compline the Dominical preces are omitted.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the green Sunday takes precedence over the feast. The Octave has been abolished. Mattins, of the Sunday is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. At Lauds a commemoration of St. Lawrence is sung. At sung Masses there is but a single collect and no mention of St. Lawrence. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Sunday, 3 August 2014

VIII Sunday after Pentecost


The eighth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green. Today is also the first Sunday of August. The Gospel pericopes from St. Luke contain the parable about the unjust steward.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. The antiphon on the Magnificat was Saptentia for the Saturday before the first Sunday of August. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Alphonsus and of the Finding of the Body of St. Stephen. The Suffrage of the Saints was not sung due to the concurrent double feast. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted for the same reason.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos and the Office hymn isNocte surgentes. In the first nocturn the lessons are the Incipiunt of the Proverbs of Solomon. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from a tract of St. Ambrose on the 118th Psalm. In the third nocturn the homily on St. Luke's Gospel is from St. Jerome. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds, after the collect of the Sunday, a commemoration is sung of the Finding of the Body of St. Stephen followed by the Suffrage of the Saints.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Finding of the Body of St. Stephen, the third collect is A cunctis. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Blessed Trinity.

Vespers are of the Sunday (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113) and the Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of the following feast of St. Dominica and of the Finding of the Body of St. Stephen. The Suffrage is omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline due to the concurring double feast.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' there are no commemorations at either Vespers. The feast of the Finding of the Body of St. Stephen has been abolished. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. There are no commemorations at Lauds. Mass has a single collect. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 27 July 2014

VII Sunday after Pentecost


The seventh Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour, from Mattins onwards, is green. The Gospel pericopes from St. Matthew contain the words of warning from the LORD concerning false prophets appearing as sheep but who, in reality, are wolves.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon (second Vespers for the feast of St. Anne) the antiphons Dum esset Rex etc were sung with 109, 112, 121, 126 & 147. The Office hymn was Fortem virili pectore. After the collect of the feast a commemoration was sung of the Sunday. The Suffrage of the Saints was not sung due to the double feast. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted for the same reason.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos and the Officie hymn isNocte surgentes. In the first nocturn the lessons are the Incipit of the Third Book of the Kings. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from am epistle of St. Jerome to Nepotianus. In the third nocturn the homily on St. Matthew's Gospel is from St. Hiliary. The Te Deum is sung. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the Office hymn is Ecce jam noctis. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of St. Pantaleon followed by the Suffrage of the Saints.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Pantaleon, the third collect is A cunctis. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Blessed Trinity.

At Vespers (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113) the Office hymn is Lucis Creator. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of the following feast SS Nazarius and Others followed by the Suffrage of the Saints. At Compline the Dominical preces are sung.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. At Lauds there is no commememoration of St. Pantaleon and no Suffrage. At Prime both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted. At Mass there is a single collect. At Vespers there are no commemorations, nor Suffrage. At Compline the Domincial preces are omitted.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 20 July 2014

VI Sunday after Pentecost

The sixth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green. The Gospel pericopes from St. Mark's Gospel describe the Feeding of the Four Thousand with seven loaves and fishes.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Vincent de Paul and of St. Jerome Aemiliani and St. Margaret. The Suffrage of the Saints was omitted due to the double feasts. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted for the same reason.

At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos, Venite adoremus and the Office hymn is Nocte surgentes vigilemus omnes. In the first nocturn the lessons are from the twelfth chapter of the Second Book of the Kings. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from St. Ambrose's Defence of David. Again, St. Ambrose provides the homily in the third nocturn on St. Mark's Gospel. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds, following the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of St. Jerome Aemiliani and of St. Margaret. The Suffrage is omitted due to the occurring double feast.

At Prime psalms 117, 118i & 118ii are sung. Both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Jerome Aemiliani, the third collect is of St. Margaret. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Blessed Trinity.

At Vespers the antiphons and psalms of Sunday (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113). The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of St. Praxedes and of St. Jerome Aemiliani. The Suffrage is omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' there are no commemorations at either Vespers. Mattins is reduced to a single nocturn of three lessons. There are no commemorations at Lauds. Mass has a single collect.

Monday, 14 July 2014

Mattins and Lauds



The two images above come from an 1861 copy of the Breviarium Romanum available on Google Books. In the pre-1914 Breviary there was no 'Ordinary of the Divine Office' and after the initial pages of rubrics, calendar and tables Sunday at Mattins was printed followed by the rest of the Office for Sundays, then Mattins and Lauds for the other Days, then Vespers for the other days and finally Compline. One can clearly see from the above that the Pater, Ave and Credo are said before Mattins yet nothing is said before Lauds and the presumption that choral Office is taking place and that Lauds will form one service with Mattins.


Above is a photograph from the Hiemalis volume of a 1932 Dessain Breviary set (indeed the set used for compiling the Ordo). The introduction of the 'Ordinary' makes the book more 'user friendly'. One can see quite clearly that the traditional praxis is now made very clear in the rubrics. In public Office Mattins and Lauds are never separated - with one sort of exception at Christmas. Mattins of the Nativity of the LORD are sung then the Missa in Gallicantu follows immediately. After the last Gospel then Lauds follow so there is really one service, the choir remaining in their places throughout. One can see too the very clear direction that in private recitation of the Office, when Lauds may be separated from Mattins, then a Pater and Ave are said before the Deus in adjutorium.

From the 1st January 1961 the traditional praxis for the Roman rite changed with Rubricarum instructum coming into force and it was possible to have choral Mattins and Lauds as two distinct and separate services. This really is basic history of the twentieth century reform of the liturgy but some people out there do seem to want to obscure facts in the fabrication of their constructs.

Sunday, 13 July 2014

Happy birthday!


Today marks the 113th birthday of the late Mgr. Alfred Newman Canon Gilbey, Protonotary Apostolic. May he enjoy it in the Court of Heaven. He used to say he thanked the Almighty that he was not born a day earlier, the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne, or a day later, the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille. A remarkable man and without doubt the very finest cleric and gentleman this writer has ever known.

To share one wonderful anecdote: When once Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother visited the Travellers Club She met Mgr. Gilbey on the stairs. "I believe I am a year old than you" She commented. Mgr. Gilbey replied, no doubt with the famous twinkle in his eyes "Impossible Madam. There is only one Lady in the realm older than me and that is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Good night to you Madam."