Sunday, 19 October 2014

XIX Sunday after Pentecost - Mission Sunday


The nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost is, this year, the fourth Sunday of October. It is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour, from Mattins, is green. As it is also the penultimate Sunday of October it is also Mission Sunday. At the request of the Superior Council of the Pontifical Work for the Propogation of the Faith the Sacred Congregation of Rites directed in 1926 that the prayer, from the Votive Mass Pro Propagatione Fidei, should be added to all Masses today as an oratio imperata pro re gravi. The Gospel pericopes contain the parable of the wedding feast from St. Matthew's Gospel with the sobering concluding words of the LORD Multi enim sunt vocati, pauci vero electi.

Vespers yesterday afternoon were second Vespers of the feast of St. Luke. The antiphons Juravit Dominus etc were sung with Pss. 109, 112, 115, 125 & 138. The Office hymn was Exsultet orbis gaudiis. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of the Sunday (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Exaudiat Dominus for the Saturday before the fourth Sunday of October) and of St. Peter of Alcantara. The Suffrage was omitted as were the Dominical preces at Compline.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum etc and the Office hymn is Primo die. In the first nocturn the lessons are the Incipit of the Second Book of the Machabees. In the second nocturn the lessons are from a tract of St. Chrysostom on the forty-third psalm. In the third nocturn the homily is from St. Gregory on St. Matthew's Gospel. At Lauds the Office hymn is Aeterne. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of St. Peter of Alcantara. The Suffrage is omitted.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted due to the occurring double feast.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Peter of AlcantaraA cunctis, the third collect is Deus, qui nos homines..., for the propogation of the faith. This collect is taken from the Votive Mass Pro Propagatione Fidei. The Creed is sung and the the preface of the Blessed Trinity.

Vespers are of the Sunday. The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of the following feast of St. John Cantius and of St. Peter of Alcantara. The Suffrage is omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline due to the occurring and concurring double feasts.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' only the Sunday is commemorated at Vespers. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn. (The third week of October is omitted this year). At Lauds there are no commemorations. At Mass the prayer Deus, qui omnes homines is added to the collect of the Sunday under one conclusion. There are no other collects. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 12 October 2014

XVIII Sunday after Pentecost


The eighteenth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour, from Mattins, is green. This year it is the third Sunday of October. The Gospel pericopes from St. Matthew relate the healing of a paralytic, both by being forgiven his sins and physically healed by the LORD.

Vespers yesterday were second Vespers of the feast of the Maternity of the BVM. The antiphons Beata es etc were sung, doubled, with Pss. 109, 112, 121, 126 & 147. The Office hymn was the beautiful Ave, maris stella. After the collect of the feast a commemoration was sung of the Sunday (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Lugebat autem Judam for the Saturday before the third Sunday of October). The Suffrage was omitted as were the Dominical preces at Compline. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the melody and Doxology of the Incarnation.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn is Primo die. In the first nocturn the lessons continue to be read from Machabees. In the second nocturn the lessons are from St. Ambrose's Book of Offices. In the third nocturn the lessons are a homily from St. Peter Chrysologus on St. Matthew's Gospel. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the Office hymn is Aeterne. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrage of the Saints is sung.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is A cunctis, the third collect is chosen by the Dean or Rector. The Creed is sung as is the preface of the Blessed Trinity.

Vespers are of the Sunday. The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of the following Office of St. Edward the Confessor followed by the Suffrage of the Saints. At Compline the Dominical preces are sung.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' at Vespers the second Sunday of October is commemorated with the antiphon Refulsit sol. At Compline Te lucis is sung with the ordinary Doxology and the tone for feasts. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn. The first and second lessons are those that were read last Sunday in the traditional rite. At Lauds the Suffrage is omitted. At Prime both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted. At Mass there is a single collect. At Vespers there are no commemorations and no Suffrage. At Compline the Dominical preces are omitted.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 5 October 2014

XVII Sunday after Pentecost


The seventeenth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green. This year it is the second Sunday of October. The Gospel pericopes at Mattins and Mass come from the twenty-second chapter of St. Matthew and tell of the Pharisees asking the LORD what is the greatest commandment. Being also the first Sunday in October it is also Rosary Sunday.

As Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. The antiphon on the Magnificat was Refulsit sol for the Saturday before the second Sunday of October. After the collect of the Sunday commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Francis of Assisi and of SS Placid and Others. The Suffrage was omitted due to the occurring double feast as were the Dominical preces at Compline.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn is Primo die. In the first nocturn the lessons continue to be read from the First Book of the Machabees. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from St. Augustine writings on the City of God. In the third nocturn the homily is from St. Chrysostom on St. Matthew's Gospel. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the Office hymn is Aeterne. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of SS Placid and Other followed by the Suffrage of the Saints.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) Quicumque is sung as are the Dominical preces.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of SS Placid and Others, the third collect is A cunctis. The Creed is sung and the preface of the Blessed Trinity.

All Masses, except the Conventual Mass, may be of the feast of the Most Holy Rosary of the BVM. (Prior to the reforms of 1911-13 the feast was observed on the first Sunday in October). The Mass Gaudeamus etc is sung in white vestments. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday, (when Masses are not sung the third collect is of SS Placid and others), the Creed is sung, the preface is of the BVM (Et te in Festivitate) and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At Vespers the antiphons and psalms are of Sunday. The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of the following feast of St. Bruno. The Suffrage is omitted due to the concurring double feast as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

In those ancient and traditional 'liturgical books of 1962' today is the first Sunday of October. At Vespers the antiphon on the Magnificat was Adaperiat and there were no commemorations. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn. There are no commemorations nor Suffrage at Lauds. At Prime both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted. At Mass there is but a single collect. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 28 September 2014

XVI Sunday after Pentecost


The sixteenth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green. This year it the first Sunday of October. The Gospel pericopes from St. Luke tell of the LORD healing the man with dropsy on the Sabbath.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The Office hymn was Jam sol recedit igneus. The antiphon on the Magnificat was Adaperiat Dominus for the Saturday before the first Sunday of October. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of SS Cosmas and Damian and of St. Wenceslaus followed by the Suffrage of the Saints. At Compline the Dominical preces were sung.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn is Primo die. In the first nocturn the lessons are the Incipit of the first book of Machabees. In the second nocturn the lessons are from St. Ambrose's Book of Offices. In the third nocturn the lessons are also from St. Ambrose, a homily on St. Lukes's Gospel. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the Office hymn is Aeterne. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of St. Wenceslaus followed by the Suffrage of the Saints.

At Prime (Pss. 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Wenceslaus, the third collect is A cunctis. The Creed is sung and the preface is of the Holy Trinity.

At Vespers the liturgical colour changes to white and first Vespers of St. Michael the Archangel are sung. The antiphons Stetit Angelus etc are sung, doubled with Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 and 116. The Office hymn is Te splendor et virtus Patris. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday is sung. At Compline the Dominical preces are omitted.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' at Vespers on Saturday the antiphon on the Magnificat was Adonai, Domine for the Saturday before the fourth Sunday of September. There were no commemorations. At Compline the Dominical preces are omitted. At Mattins the invitatory is Dominum qui fecit nos etc and the Office hymn is Nocte surgentes. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn, the first and second lessons being taken from the Book of Judith. At Lauds the Office hymn is Ecce. There are no commemorations or Suffrage. At Prime both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted. At Mass there is but a single collect. Vespers are the same as in the traditional rite.

Art: Jerome Nadal.

Sunday, 21 September 2014

St. Matthew the Apostle


The feast of Saint Matthew the Apostle and Evangelist is a Double of the Second class and the liturgical colour of the feast is red. The fifteenth Sunday after Pentecost, and this year the fourth Sunday of September, is commemorated at Vespers, Mattins, Lauds and Mass.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Hoc est praeceptum meum etc., from the Common of Apostles, were sung with Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 and 116. The Office hymn was Exsultet orbis gaudiis. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of SS Eustace and Companions and of the Sunday (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Adonai, Domine etc for the Saturday before the fourth Sunday of September. At Compline the Dominical psalms were sung.

At Mattins the invitatory is Regem Apostolorum Dominum, Venite adoremus and the Office hymn is Aeterna Christi. In the first nocturn the antiphons In omnem terram etc are sung with psalms 18, 33 & 44, all taken from the Common of Apostles, with the lessons and responsories also from the Common. In the second nocturn the antiphons Principes populorum etc are sung with psalms 46, 60 & 63. The lessons are proper to the feast. In the third nocturn the antiphons Exaltabuntur etc are sung with psalms 74, 96 & 98. The homily on St. Matthew's Gospel is from St. Jerome's Commentary on the same and is proper to the feast. The ninth lesson is of the Sunday and is a homily of St. Augustine. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds the antiphons Hoc est praeceptum meum etc are sung with the Sunday psalms. The hymn is Exsultet orbis gaudiis. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday is sung.

At the Little Hours the antiphons Hoc est praeceptum meum etc are sung with the festal psalms (at Prime 53, 118i & 118ii). At Prime the lectio brevis is Ibant Apostoli.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday. The Creed is sung, the preface is of the Apostles and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At Vespers the antiphons Juravit Dominus etc are sung with Pss. 109, 112, 115, 125 & 138. The hymn is, again, Exsultet orbis gaudiis. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the following feast of St. Thomas of Villanova and of the Sunday. At Compline the Sunday psalms are sung.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the 'green' Sunday takes precedence over St. Matthew's feast. At Vespers yesterday there were no commemorations. Mattins is cut down to a single nocturn of three lessons. St. Matthew is commemorated at Lauds and in Low Masses. In sung Masses there is but single collect. At Vespers there are no commemorations.

Saturday, 20 September 2014

Ember Saturday - SS Eustace and Companions

Today is the Ember Saturday in September and is also the double rank feast of SS Eustace and Companions. Today is also the Vigil of St. Matthew the Apostle. However, as today is an Ember Day the Vigil is not commemorated in the Office. The liturgical colour of the feast is red.

At Mattins the lessons in the first nocturn are those appointed for Tuesday of this week sung with the responsories of Saturday. In the second nocturn the lessons are proper to the feast. In the third nocturn the ninth lesson is the homily from the Ember Saturday which is taken the writings of St. Gregory. At Lauds a commemoration of the Ember Saturday is sung after the collect of the feast.

Mass, of the feast, is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Ember Saturday (the first collect after the Kyrie and invitation to pray - Omnipotens...) and the third collect is of the Vigil. The common preface is sung and the last Gospel that of the Ember Saturday.

Private Masses, celebrated in violet vestments, may be of the Ember Saturday with commemorations of the feast and Vigil with the last Gospel of the Vigil. Private Masses may also be of the Vigil, again in violet, with commemorations of the feast and Ember Saturday with the last Gospel of the Ember Saturday.

In Cathedral and Collegiate Churches Mass of the feast is celebrated after Terce without any commemoration of the Ember Saturday or of the Vigil. After None the Mass of the Ember Saturday is celebrated in violet vestments with the deacon and subdeacon wearing folded chasubles rather than dalmatic and tunicle. The Mass has the usual, ancient form, for Ember Saturdays. After the Kyrie there are a series of structural units comprising of the invitation Oremus, followed by Flectamus genua, Levate, a collect, O.T. reading and gradual. The first and second OT readings are from the Book of Leviticus. The third lesson is from Micheas the Prophet, the fourth from the Prophet Zachararias. The fifth is from the Prophet Daniel describing the LORD protecting Azarias and his two companions in the Babylonian fiery furnace. After the reading from Daniel instead of a gradual the hymn of the Three Men in fiery furnace is sung, Beneditus es, Domine, Deus patrum nostrorum and its collect Deus, qui tribus pueris. After this collect the collect of the Vigil is sung followed by the collect A cunctis. A Tract is sung between the Epistle and Gospel. Mass then continues as usual (with of course kneeling for the orations and from the Canon through to the Fraction as usual on penitential days) with Benedicamus Domino as the dismissal and the last Gospel of the Vigil.

When orders are conferred the Tonsure is given after the Kyrie. After the first OT lesson Door-keepers are ordained; after the second, Readers; after the third, the Exorcists; after the fourth, the Acolytes; after the fifth, the Subdeacons; after the Epistle, the Deacons, and before the last verse of the Tract, the priests.

In the afternoon first Vespers of the feast of St. Matthew are sung with commemorations of the Sunday and of SS Eustace and Companions.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' today is a IV class Saturday of the BVM. SS Eustace and Companions get a commemoration at Lauds and low Mass. Vespers are of the Sunday (with a different antiphon on the Magnificat as they are a week behind) and no commemorations.

Friday, 19 September 2014

Ember Friday - SS Januarius and Companions

Today the Ember Friday in September. Traditionally it was a day of fast and abstinence. Today is also the double feast of St. Januarius and Companions. The liturgical colour of the feast is red.

At Mattins the lessons in the first nocturn are those appointed for Monday of this week (when the lessons from occurring Scripture could not be read due to the proper lessons for the feast of the Seven Dolours and the transferred Incipit of the Book of Tobias) sung with the responsories appointed for today. In the third nocturn the ninth lesson is of the Friday. The Te Deum is sung. At Lauds after the collect of the feast a commemoration is sung of the Ember Friday.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Ember Friday, the Common Preface is sung and the last Gospel is of the Ember Friday.

Private Masses may be of the Ember Friday with violet vestments. The Mass texts are proper, the second collect is of the feast and the dismissal is Benedicamus Domino. In Cathedral and Collegiate churches there are two Masses. The first, of the feast, is after Terce. There is no commemoration of the Ember Day and the last Gospel is In principio. After None the Mass of the Ember Friday is sung without commemoration of the feast. The deacon and sub-deacon wear violet folded chasubles rather than dalmatic and tunicle.

Vespers are, from the chapter, of the following feast of SS Eustace and Companions with a commemoration of the preceding feast. The liturgy of the Ember Day ends with None so there is no commemoration of it at Vespers.

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' Ember Friday is postponed until next week. Today is the II class feast of SS Januarius and his Companions with a single nocturn at Mattins. Vespers are of the feast with no commemorations.