Sunday, 5 February 2012

Septuagesima Sunday

Septuagesima Sunday is a semi-double of the second class. The liturgical mood becomes more sombre with first Vespers of Septuagesima and penitential violet becomes the liturgical colour of the season. Although more sombre than the season after the Epiphany the short season of Septuagesima is not as penitential as Lent. Although the colour violet is used at Mass the ministers do not wear folded chasubles but dalmatic and tunicle for these three Sundays and for ferial days. The organ is still played until Ash Wednesday. However, from Septuagesima until Holy Saturday the dress of some prelates changes. Cardinals of the Court of Rome no longer wear scarlet choir dress but that of violet. Correspondingly bishops do not wear violet choir dress but their black, or mourning dress. In the case of the latter this is not to be confused with their habitus pianus, or house dress. The black choir cassock has a train, like the violet one, and the mozzeta or mantelletum are faced with violet. However, Protonotaries Apostolic and Domestic Prelates do not change their choir dress.

At Vespers yesterday the antiphons and psalms of Saturday were sung. The chapter, antiphon on the Magnificat and collect were proper to Septuagesima Sunday. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration was sung of the preceding Office of St. Andrew Corsini and then of St. Agatha. The Suffrage of the Saints was omitted due to the occurring double feasts. At Benedicamus Domino, and its response, a double Alleluia was added. Alleluia will not be sung again until Holy Saturday. At Compline, and all other Offices until the Triduum, after the intonation of Deus in adjutorium etc Alleluia is replaced by Laus tibi Domine Rex aeterne gloriae. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted.

At Mattins the invitatory is Praeoccupemus as on preceding Sundays and the hymn Primo die. The antiphons and psalms are as on previous 'green' Sundays. In the first nocturn the Incipit of the Book of Genesis is read. In the second nocturn the lessons are from the Enchiridion of St. Augustine, in the third nocturn the lessons are a homily from St. Gregory on the Gospel of the labourers in the vineyard. The Te Deum is not sung but in its place is sung a ninth responsory.

At Lauds the 'second scheme' of psalms is sung: Pss 50, 117, 62, Canticle of the Three Children (Benedictus es) and 148. The antiphons at Lauds are proper to the Sunday as are the versicle after the hymn Aeterne, chapter, antiphon at the Benedictus and collect. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of St. Agatha. The Suffrage of the Saints is omitted.

At all the Hours the antiphons and chapters are proper. At Prime the order of psalmody is changed and four psalms are sung, Pss. 92, 99 (displaced from Lauds) and the usual first two stanzas of Ps. 118. Quicumque is omitted but the Dominical preces are sung.

At Mass the Gloria is omitted. The ministers wear violet dalmatic and tunicle. The second collect is of St. Agatha. There is no third collect. A Tract replaces the Alleluia after the Gradual, the Credo is sung and the Preface is of the Blessed Trinity. Benedicamus Domino is sung as the dismissal.

At Vespers the antiphons and psalms are those used on Sundays, the chapter is proper as in the antiphon at the Magnificat. After the collect of the Sunday commorations are sung of the following Office of St. Titus, of St. Agatha and of St. Dorothea. The Suffrage of the Saints is omitted. At Compline the Dominical preces are not sung.

Following the 'liturgical books of 1962' there are no commemorations at either Vespers and the Suffrage has been abolished. Mattins is cut down to one nocturn. At Lauds there is no commemoration of St. Agatha. At Prime the arrangement of psalms is Pss. 53, 118i, 118ii as on major feasts(!) At Mass there is only one collect and Benedicamus Domino is supressed in favour of Ite, missa est.

Art: Jerome Nadal


Joshua said...

"There is no third Collect."

- I thought that the number of Collects was always to be an odd number? Deus numero impari gaudet!

Rubricarius said...

No learned friend. On semi-double Sundays when a double feast is commemorated there are no additional collects (unless there are proper commemorations such as other occurring feasts - a 1911-13 innovation), likewise Sundays with Octaves.

On simple feasts and ferial days three collects are prescriped but celebrants of private Masses are free to add additional ones for various needs but then the number must be five or seven and not four or six.

IIRC, in Sarum the collects must be an odd number - but I would need to double check that.

Joshua said...

Ah, that explains it - I must have read a source referring to Sarum!