Sunday, 1 July 2012

The Precious Blood - Fifth Sunday after Pentecost

The feast of the Most Precious Blood is a Double of the First Class and the liturgical colour of the feast is red. The feast had entered the general Calendar in 1849 as a Double of the Second Class to be observed on the first Sunday of July. During the 1911-13 reform the feast was permanently moved to the Kalends of July. From 1935 the feast was observed as a Double of the First Class. The Office is proper.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Quis est iste etc were sung with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 and 116. The Office hymn was Festivis resonent compita vocibus. After the collect of the feast a commemoration was sung of the fifth Sunday after Pentecost. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted.

At Mattins the invitatory is Christum Dei Filium qui suo nos redemit sanguine, Venite adoremus. The Office hymn is Ira justa Conditoris. In the first nocturn the antiphons Postquam consummati sunt etc are sung with psalms 2, 3 & 15. The lessons are from St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews. In the second nocturn the antiphons Pilatus etc are sung with psalms 22, 29 & 63 and the lessons are from a homily to neophytes of St. Chrysostom. When the feast was raised to to a DICl the text of the fifth and sixth lesson underwent some revision). In the third nocturn the antiphons Exivit ergo Jesus are sung with psalms 73, 87 & 93. The homily on St. John's Gospel is from St. Augustine's 120th tract on John. The text of the eighth and ninth lessons may be read as one as the eighth lesson of the day or the ninth lesson of the feast may be omitted. The ninth lesson is the homily of the Sunday again from St. Augustine but on St. Matthew's Gospel. The three lessons of the homily may be read as one or just the first lesson read as the ninth lesson of the day. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the antiphons Hi sunt etc are sung with psalms 99, 92, 62, Benedicite and 148. The Office hymn is Salvete, Christi vulnera. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Sunday and of the Octave Day of St. John the Baptist.

At Prime the antiphon Hi sunt is sung with psalms 53, 118i & 118ii. In the short responsory the versicle is Qui tuo nos sanguine redemisti. The Dominical preces are omitted and the lectio brevis is Accipiens Moyses. At the other Hours the antiphons of Lauds are used in the usual order.

At Mass (Redemisti nos) the Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday, (in private Masses the third collect is of the Octave Day of St. John the Baptist), and the Creed is sung. The preface is of the Cross and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At Second Vespers the antiphons Quis est iste etc are sung with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 & 147. After the collect of the feast a commemorations are sung of the following feast of the Visitation of the BVM and the fifth Sunday after Pentecost.

In the liturgical books of 1962 there is no commemoration of the Sunday at Vespers. At Mattins there is no ninth lesson of the Sunday. At Lauds there is neither commemoration of the Sunday nor of the Octave of St. John the Baptist, the Octave having been abolished. At Prime the lectio brevis is of the season, Dominus autem. At Mass there is only one collect and no commemorations. The last Gospel is In principo. At Vespers there are no commemorations.


Jack B. said...

I was told by a priest that there is no commemoration of the Sunday today because it is a feast of the Lord. Does that make sense?

Anonymous said...

Dear Rubricarius,
I have a couple of rubrical questions for you:
1) Should the readings of I Nocturn of Sunday be resumed today (Tuesday) with their proper responsories since these are an "incipit"?
2) On Wednesday (in the Ordo) for the resumed Mass of Sunday should the last Gospel be that of the VI Day of the Octave since it is considered a "proper Gospel"?

And for Jack B.: I suspect the priest you mention was referring to the 1962 rubrics.

Fr. Capreolus

Romanitas said...

In the 1962 rubrics there are to be no commemorations of the Sunday (collect, secret, post-communion, and proper Last Gospel) on Feasts of the Lord I believe. The Latin Mass Society's ordo for this year shows no commemoration scheduled. My own parish, a diocesean Latin Mass, did a commemoration anyway, which is not something to which I object!

Rubricarius said...

Jack B,

That is a 1962 invention as Fr. Capreolus points out. The idea is Sundays are feast of the Lord and so would be a duplication of the occurring feast. However, they also argue the same on Trinity Sunday yet that is a feast of the Triune God and not of the Lord. The reality is the reformers didn't like multiple collects.

Fr. Capreolus,

Yes, the first nocturn lessons should be the Incipit from Sunday with its responsories.

On Wednesday the last Gospel is In principio as the Gospel for the days within the Octave is only read as a proper last Gospel on the first day the Octave is commemorated, vide SRC 4372

The Flying Dutchman said...

I wonder what would happen in a year where the feasts of the Sacred Heart and the Most Precious Blood both fall on the same day (1 June). Is one of them transferred, and if so, which one?

Rubricarius said...


In that case the Precious Blood, being a secondary D1Cl, would move. If it moved to the next day there would be no commemoration of it in second Vespers of the Sacred Heart as both are classed as an identical mystery.