Sunday, 9 June 2019

Dominica Pentecostes - Pentecost Sunday

The feast of Pentecost, or Whitsun - as it is known in English speaking lands from 'White Sunday' a most likely reference to the white albs the newly baptized at the Vigil would wear - is one of the greatest feasts in the Liturgical Year ranking next only to Pascha and, like the Queen of Feasts, is a Double of the First Class with a privileged Octave of the first order. The liturgical colour of the feast and its Octave is red. The feast of SS Primus & Felician is omitted this year.

After the beautiful and splendid ceremonies of the Vigil of Pentecost yesterday morning first Vespers of the feast were sung in the afternoon. The solemn tone of Deus, in adjutorium is sung at Vespers, Mattins and at Lauds. The antiphons, Cum complerentur dies Pentecostes etc are proper and were sung, doubled, with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 & 116. During the singing of the hymn, Veni, Creator Spiritus, all knelt during the first verse. All hymns of the feast and Octave have the Doxology Deo Patri sit gloria, Et Filio, qui a mortuis, Surrexit ac Paraclito, In saeculorum saecula. Veni Creator is sung in tone 8, the other hymns of the Office in tone 1. At Vespers there were no commemorations. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the tone and Doxology of Pentecost and the Dominical preces are omitted for the Octave.

Mattins for the feast, and Octave, is like Pascha in only having a single nocturn of three psalms and three lessons. The invitatory is Alleluia, Spiritus Domini replevit orbem terrarum, Venite adoremus Alleluia. The Office hymn is Jam Christus astra ascenderat. The antiphons Factus est etc are sung with psalms 47, 67 & 103. The lessons are from a homily of St. Gregory the Great on St. John's Gospel. At Lauds the antiphons, Cum complerentur dies Pentecostes etc, are the same as at Vespers and are sung with the Dominical psalms (Pss. 92, 99, 62, Benedicite & 148). The Office hymn is Beata nobis gaudia. There are no commemorations.

At Prime the festal psalms are sung (Pss. 53, 118i & 118ii) under the antiphon Cum complerentur. In the short responsory the versicle Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris, alleluia, alleluia is sung. The short lesson is Judaei quoque. At Terce instead of the usual hymn Nunc Sancte nobis the hymn Veni Creator is sung as it was at the third hour the Holy Ghost descended on the Apostles, as a Vespers the first verse is sung kneeling.

At Mass the Vidi aquam is sung for the last time this year and the aspersion takes place with Baptismal water taken after the blessing of the font yesterday morning. The Gloria is sung and there is only one collect. After the Alleluia the beautiful sequence Veni, Sancte Spiritus is sung. The Credo is sung. The preface, Communicantes and Hanc igitur are proper to the feast and used throughout the Octave.

At second Vespers the antiphons Cum complerentur dies Pentecostes etc are sung, doubled, with Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113. The Office hymn is Veni, Creator Spiritus. The versicle and response and antiphon on the Magnificat are proper to second Vespers. There are no commemorations.

Following the 'liturgical books of 1962' the magnificent ceremonies of the Vigil have been abolished - no doubt as they would remind the faithful of the traditional form of Holy Saturday - although the Hanc igitur of the Mass of the Vigil still retains the clause '...on behalf of these whom Thou hast vouchsafed to bring to a new birth by water and the Holy Ghost..' even though the ancient baptismal rites have been abolished. At Compline and at the hymns of the Hours, except Terce, the ordinary Doxology is sung.

Art: Jerome Nadal


Anonymous said...

The Dedication of the Cathedral Church for my Diocese was today. Given that Pentecost is a privileged Octave of the first order, I think the table of occurrences said it is transferred to next week. I assumed that the semiduplex ranking of Wednesday in Pentecost is to admit commemorations and the Ember Day but the weight of the day is still Duplex I classis, given that the psalms were still the Festal/Dominical psalms. But the available free day next week is for the Resumed Mass of Sunday. So would the Dedication of the Cathedral be observed at all? Or was it supposed to be today? Thank you.

Rubricarius said...


The feast of the Dedication of the Cathedral of a dioceses is a Double of the First Class with Octave. As such it cannot be celebrated within the Octaves of Easter or Pentecost but it would be celebrated if it fell within other Octaves.

The feast would be transferred to the first day outside of the Pentecost Octave which was not occupied by a feast of D1Cl rank. However, the Octave Day does not move so if your feast day was that of Pentecost Sunday this year the Dedication does not have an Octave.

Anonymous said...

I understand. Thank you!

Joshua said...

(You may prefer to cut and paste this question into what I presume will be your forthcoming entry for Trinity Sunday...)

Should one bow during the Athanasian Creed at each naming of the Three Persons of the Trinity? (Of course one bows at the two mentions of the Holy Name, and during the first part of the minor doxology at its conclusion.)

Bowing at the names of the Three Divine Persons would seem to be required for all of verses 5 to 10 (possibly ceasing during the second part of verse 6), and for verses 13, 15 and 17, as well as, perhaps, for the first part of verse 22:

5. Alia est enim persóna PATRIS, ália FÍLII, * ália SPÍRITUS SANCTI:
6. Sed PATRIS, et FÍLII, et SPÍRITUS SANCTI una est divínitas, * æquális glória, coætérna majéstas.
7. Qualis PATER, talis FÍLIUS, * talis SPÍRITUS SANCTUS.
8. Increátus PATER, increátus FÍLIUS, * increátus SPÍRITUS SANCTUS.
9. Imménsus PATER, imménsus FÍLIUS, * imménsus SPÍRITUS SANCTUS.
10. Ætérnus PATER, ætérnus FÍLIUS, * ætérnus SPÍRITUS SANCTUS.
13. Simíliter omnípotens PATER, omnípotens FÍLIUS, * omnípotens SPÍRITUS SANCTUS.
17. Ita Dóminus PATER, Dóminus FÍLIUS, * Dóminus SPÍRITUS SANCTUS.

Rubricarius said...


Yes, indeed a lot of bows during Quicumque.